Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., born on January 15, 1929, was an American clergyman, activist, and prominent leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement. A Baptist minister, King led the 1955 Montgomery Bus Boycott and helped found the Southern Christian Leadership Conference in 1957, serving as its first president. King’s efforts led to the 1963 March on Washington, where King delivered his “I Have a Dream” speech.
In 1964, King became the youngest person to win the Nobel Peace Prize. He was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1977 and Congressional Gold Medal in 2004. On April 4, 1968, the civil rights leader was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee.